The National University of Singapore (NUS)’s Centre for International Law (CIL), together with the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR), the National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS), and the New Zealand High Commission Singapore, organised a two-day workshop entitled “Decoding the Paris Rulebook for Southeast Asia: Implementation and Its Challenges”. 

Representatives from all ASEAN Member States, stakeholders from the region, and other international organisations shared their knowledge and best practices on the steps countries in the region need to take to fulfil their Paris Agreement obligations. 

Participants found the workshop useful for discussing issues faced by ASEAN Member States, such as data-related challenges, lack of funding, and coordinating between various levels and actors – in the implementation of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Participants recognised that efficient data management, tighter national ministerial and cross-sectoral coordination, and greater engagement with businesses, civil society and academia were among the things to implement to achieve existing NDC targets and raise collective ambition. 

Many felt that the workshop was a good initiative and helpful in gaining ‘know-how’ on the practical implementation of the Paris Agreement. Several expressed interest to attend more of such capacity-building workshops. 

Workshop report by NUS CIL:   

Course Photos:

lucy reed
Welcome remarks by Professor Lucy Reed, Director, Centre for International Law, National University of Singapore
Opening remarks by Mr Joseph Teo, Chief Negotiator for Climate Change, Singapore


Jo Tyndall
Opening remarks by Ms Jo Tyndall, New Zealand High Commissioner to Singapore


Daniel Bodansky
Keynote address by Professor Daniel Bodansky, Regents Professor, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State University
Tommy Koh
Closing remarks by Professor Tommy Koh, Chairman of the Centre for International Law Governing Board and Ambassador-at-Large at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore 

crowd photo 1

crowd photo 2
Participants and speakers at the workshop